Sports Psychology: Arousal, Anxiety and Stress Stress 'A stimulus resulting in arousal or a response to a specific situation' Stress is the imbalance between the demands that someone feels and his or her capably to meet those demands. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The theory was devised by Hull in 1943.
Start studying Drive Theory. It is an innovative and unique approach for organizational leaders, and each drive is necessary to understand motivation in the workplace. The habitual behaviour/ dominant response is not always the correct one (think of beginners) Drive theory fails to explain this outcome, & its focus on the well-learned task cannot be applied to the many sports skills which combine both well-learned & novel elements. Drive theory was thought up by behaviorist Clark Hull and later studied and developed further by Hull's partner Kenneth Space. Because of the disturbance in the organism’s level of homeostasis, there is a development of a drive to fulfill that specific need to bring the individual out of its discomfort. Because of the disturbance in the organism’s level of homeostasis, there is a development of a drive to fulfill that specific need to … The drives themselves are complete and elemental, offering a comprehensive explanation for human motivation that … The diagram below illustrates how the demands of a task lead to conflict, which produces social facilitation effects.

Drive theory in sports psychology terms was first put forward by Clark Hull (1943) Drive theory summarises a direct linear relationship between arousal and sporting performance; In effect meaning the more an athlete is ‘psyched up’, the better their performance potential in any given event. Developed by Sigmund Freud, it was presented in his book, ‘The Ego and the Id’, which was published in 1923. Executives typically concentrate their energy on the need for their employees to achieve by offering incentives, benefits, […] Drive reduction theory became popular in the 1940s and 1950s. The Four Drive theory describes human motivation in terms of a set of dynamic, interacting needs that are a fundamental part of humankind’s makeup. Drive theory is also important in understanding habit formation as a result of learning and reinforcement. The Drive-Reduction Theory talks about an organism’s reaction in an event where his physical needs are challenged and unstable. The four-drive model of employee motivation is a holistic way to look beyond typical financial workplace rewards. Throughout the decades, the Drive Theory has gone through various changes. Drive theory was thought up by behaviorist Clark Hull and later studied and developed further by Hull's partner Kenneth Space. Drive theory is not, at present, a particularly well-regarded theory but it was deeply influential in the field of psychology throughout the 20th century. One example of this could be the drive for physical and sexual contact, integrated with the drive for love, that drives many people to seek out long-term romantic partners.

According to the theory, reduction in drive or arousal is the primary cause for lack of motivation. Thought stopping is when an athlete is thinking negative about an event and Hull thought that high levels of arousal, such as in competition, would intensify the dominant response and so increasing the quality of performance. It is a cognitive form of anxiety management. Hull's drive theory states that, when an organism experiences a physical or psychological drive, and is aware and attentive to it, that organism will take action to reduce the drive's strength by fulfilling the need. Drive reduction theory became popular in the 1940s and 1950s. This theory also could explain social facilitation that has been found in animals (for example ants and cockroaches) since these animals can hardly be affected by evaluation apprehension.

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